Collapsing Buildings in Kenya: A Growing Crisis
Kenya is facing a daunting urban challenge – the frequent collapse of buildings. This alarming trend poses grave concerns about safety standards and construction practices in the nation’s rapidly urbanizing landscape. This article delves into the causes, implications, and measures being taken to address this crisis.

Alarming Statistics and Trends

In the past decade, Kenya has witnessed a disturbing trend in structural failures. From 2009 to 2019, the country saw over 86 buildings collapse, resulting in around 200 fatalities. Notably, 2015 was marked as the year with the highest number of collapses, counting 21 incidents (Source: National Construction Authority).

Root Causes of Collapses

Poor Workmanship and Substandard Materials

The predominant cause of these collapses is attributed to poor workmanship and the use of inferior building materials. A report by the National Construction Authority in 2019 highlighted that 35% of collapses were due to poor workmanship, while 28% were because of substandard materials.

Rising Construction Costs

Another contributing factor is the rising costs of construction materials like steel and cement. These soaring prices often push developers to cut corners, compromising structural integrity (Source: Reuters).

Government and Regulatory Responses

The Role of Kenya Accreditation Service (KENAS)

KENAS plays a crucial role in ensuring compliance with standards in the construction sector. It focuses on enhancing performance and raising building control standards through rigorous assessment of technical competencies (Source: Kenya Engineer).

Enforcement by the Engineering Board of Kenya (EBK)

EBK emphasizes the importance of proper foundational and structural design in building construction. They also highlight the need for buildings to have robust foundations and adherence to approved designs (Source:

Architectural and Engineering Perspectives

Corruption and Unregulated Construction

According to architects, the construction boom in Kenya has been tainted by corrupt practices, allowing developers to bypass laws and compromise building quality (Source: Voice of America News).

The Way Forward

Strengthening Legislation and Enforcement

There is an urgent need for stringent enforcement of building standards and quality checks. This should be coupled with a cultural shift among developers and contractors to prioritize safety over cost-saving measures.

Promoting Public Awareness and Professionalism

Educating the public on the importance of using certified engineers and adherence to building codes is vital. Additionally, professionalism must be at the forefront of construction practices to prevent future collapses.


The recurring problem of collapsing buildings in Kenya necessitates immediate and sustained action from all stakeholders. By prioritizing quality, enforcing standards, and educating both professionals and the public, Kenya can address this critical issue and ensure the safety and integrity of its urban infrastructure.

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